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YEAR 6 HOME LEARNING

Year 6

Home learning activities for week beginning:

Monday 18th January 2021

As always, just do your best with home learning. If you or your child are unwell, we would not expect you to do the activities as your well-being is more important. Each family circumstance will be different, so just do what you can.

Should you and your family be self-isolating, you can phone Mrs Knight at the office to arrange a phone call from your classroom teacher should you want to discuss any of the information below.

You will also notice that we have now put different subjects on specific days. This helps on our daily Zoom call as we can talk to the children about the subject for that day, along with their maths and English. It also means that keyworker children are covering the same subjects in school on the same days and so if they have any days at home, they can link up with us and be at the same place in their learning. It is all complicated, but we are getting there!

You are all doing brilliantly. Don’t forget to start to post one piece of work that you are proud of everyday to Seesaw. We love seeing your hard work and think that you all deserve a big pat on the back.

Keep it up, Year 6. You are all super stars!

Mrs Crook & Mrs Watson

Maths

You will now see on the maths planning grid a column with a link to the answers for the activity sheets. Try the activities first before checking the answers, but if you are stuck on a question then look at the answers to try to understand it better. You will have noticed that although there are only a few questions, they do get more challenging as they build on your knowledge and understanding. As we have always said, just do what you can, even if it is only 4 or 5 questions. It is better to try to understand the first few questions really well, than not do the activity sheet at all.

Please follow this link to watch the video for each day’s learning

https://whiterosemaths.com/homelearning

Choose your child’s year group and click on current week for teaching video. Watch the video first before attempting the activity please. If you do not have a printer and the activity is a worksheet then children can just write their answers in their book or on paper.

 

Day of the week

Topic

Link to activity

Answers

Monday

L.O. To understand fractions as decimals (1)

Spr6.2.5 - Fractions to decimals (1) on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO8-Fractions-to-decimals-1-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity 1 (On PDF)

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS8-Fractions-to-decimals-1-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Tuesday

L.O. To understand fractions as decimals (2)

Spr6.3.1 - Fractions to decimals (2) on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO9-Fractions-to-decimals-2-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity 2 (On PDF)

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS9-Fractions-to-decimals-2-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Wednesday

L.O. To understand percentages

Spr6.3.3 - Understand percentages on Vimeo

Y5-Spring-Block-3-WO8-Understand-percentages-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity 3 (On PDF)

Y5-Spring-Block-3-ANS8-Understand-percentages-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Thursday

L.O. To be able to convert fractions into percentages

Spr6.3.4 - Fractions to percentages on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-2-WO1-Fractions-to-percentages-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Extension activity 4 (On PDF)

 

Y6-Spring-Block-2-ANS1-Fractions-to-percentages-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Friday

L.O. To be able to find equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages.

Spr6.3.5 - Equivalent FDP on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-2-WO2-Equivalent-FDP-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity 5 (On PDF)

Y6-Spring-Block-2-ANS2-Equivalent-FDP-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Maths Extension Activities

Extension Activity 1

Extension Activity 2

Extension Activity 3

Extension Activity 4

Extension Activity 5

Newspaper Article

Task

Template


 

 

 

There also many other online activities around the unit of fractions, decimals and percentages. If you want another activity you can try any of the Oak National Academy online lessons on this unit for maths. Again, this is just another idea for learning this unit.

percentages - Topmarks Search

Oaks National Academy

Lesson: Understand what a percentage is and its connection to fractions | Teacher Hub | Oak National Academy (thenational.academy)

Lesson: Recall and use equivalences between fractions, decimals and percentages | Teacher Hub | Oak National Academy (thenational.academy)

BBC

Percentages - KS2 Maths - BBC Bitesize

English

 

Day of the week

Topic

Activity

Monday

L.O. To answer questions on a text.

 

 

Watch these little video clips from BBC Bitesize about the story of a pyramid builder. (You can watch these over the next couple of days)

Building the pyramids (pt 1/5) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Building the pyramids (pt 2/5) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Building the pyramids (pt 3/4) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Building the pyramids (pt 4/5) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Building the pyramids (pt 5/5) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

 

Read the newspaper article Pyramid Power. See link to PDF Pyramid Power Text

 

Answer questions based on the text. See the PDF link for the questions.

 

Try to imagine the conditions at the time and how these workers would have felt. This will be your guided reading text so have your answers handy if you have done them by then.

 

Tuesday

L.O. To write a memoir of life spent building the pyramids.

 

 

 

Imagine you were one of the pyramid builders. Write about your life as a pyramid worker. It can be like a diary entry or a reflection of the year.

 

Who are you? Introduce yourself.

How were you recruited to work on the pyramid? How did you feel then? How do you feel now?  What was your job? Describe it.

Describe your life during the years that you were working on the pyramid.

Do you think that building the pyramid was worthwhile? Why?

 

Wednesday

L.O. To be able to write a recount of events in History.

 

 

Look at some facts about Howard Carter and when he discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb. Link this work with your History work and do some research and note taking about the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb.

 

Who was Tutankhamun? - BBC Bitesize

King Tutankhamun - 1st level People, past events and societies - BBC Bitesize

Howard Carter - Bing video

These are just a few websites to get you started but there is lots more online about this topic.

There is a fantastic program on BBC 4 called Tutankhamun In Colour. It is rather long though (1 hour) but it is very good!

BBC iPlayer - Tutankhamun in Colour

Thursday

L.O. To plan to write a newspaper report.

 

Most of the tombs were robbed of treasures but Tutankhamun’s tomb was still full of wonderful treasures. This is why this discovery is so famous. Try to write a newspaper report of the day Howard Carter discovered the tomb.

Try to remember the layout and features of a news report. You can do this on the computer of course using columns, picture boxes, different fonts etc. You can mention lots of facts, such as the water boy who discovered the entrance and you could interview Howard Carter to describe what he saw. 

 

Or, if you prefer, just design the front page of the Newspaper with an amazing title and a small paragraph to describe what has happened.

Sensational Discovery in The Valley of The Kings!

Tutankhamun’s Terrific Treasures!

Friday

L.O. To write a diary entry as if you were Howard Carter.

 

If you haven’t quite finished yesterday’s work then carry on with this. Maybe you can improve and edit your piece of work.

If you have finished and want to move onto this task, you can.

 

Write a diary entry as if you are Howard Carter. It can be a recount of any part of this fascinating story. It could be the day he discovered the tomb, or his struggles to find the tomb, or later on when he brings out the treasures! You could also mention the curse of the tomb as his team begin to get ill and die. Think about how Howard Carter felt during this time and use imaginative adjectives to describe the scene.

Good Websites

Ancient Egypt for Kids - Creation Stories - Ancient Egypt for Kids (mrdonn.org)

2_egyptian_full (mythicjourneys.org)

Ancient Egypt - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

BBC Two - Ancient Egypt - Life and Death in the Valley of the Kings, Learning Zone, The afterlife in Ancient Egypt

KS2 History - BBC Teach

Ancient Egypt for Kids (primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk)

Ancient Egypt for Kids - What ancient Egyptians needed to do to reach their afterlife or the Magical Land of Two Fields - Ancient Egypt for Kids (mrdonn.org)

SPAG –   L.O. To explore relative clauses.

In this lesson, we will be learning about relative clauses, which are a type of subordinate clause.

Lesson: To explore relative clauses | Teacher Hub | Oak National Academy (thenational.academy)

Spellings – “ible”

  1. horrible
  2. terrible
  3. possible
  4. edible
  5. impossible
  6. accessible
  7. incredible
  8. invisible
  9. reversible
  10. inflexible
 

Monday – Topic Work

History – L.O. To understand how and why the Egyptians built pyramids.

Do lots of research about the pyramids. Watch the BBC Bitesize videos below. You can design a poster with a picture of the pyramids and some facts around it.  

Building the pyramids accurately (pt 1/2) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Building the pyramids accurately (pt 2/2) - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

Geography- Locate Egypt on a world map. What are the main features of this country? Write a few facts about Egypt. How big is it, what is its population, what is the terrain like, what is the climate like, etc?

French (KS2 only) - https://classroom.thenational.academy/lessons/saying-what-people-do-6mr3ee

ICT – This week use the computers to gather lots of information about Ancient Egypt. You can store all this information into a folder or create a booklet in publishers or start your own PowerPoint. Make this an ongoing project during the next few weeks.

Music – To layer syncopated rhythms (thenational.academy)

Understanding syncopation lesson 2

Tuesday – Outdoor learning and P.E.

PE Spend some time researching a sport that you have always thought about trying. Can you find some online videos to get some information about a sport you like the look of, or if you are really keen you might be able to find an online club or group that is running over lockdown! Talk to your family about your plans about how you can stay fit and healthy. Do you want to start running, dancing, karate, table tennis, bowls, cricket, or maybe a drama group? Have a good think and talk to your family about it. You might tell them ideas that you haven’t told them before! Make sure that you get outside and get some fresh air this week and think about how good that it makes you feel.

Wednesday – R.E.

 RE –   L.O. To be able to understand the Old Testament.

  1. Why is the Old Testament important for Christians as well as Jewish people?
  2. What is the Torah?
  3. Why is the Torah so important?
  4. How do Jewish people treat their Scripture?
  5. Why are the Dead Sea scrolls important?
  6. Why and when do you use Scripture in school and/or at home/Church?
  7. What is your favourite Old Testament story and why?

BBC Two - Pathways of Belief, The Bible: The Old Testament, The Dead Sea Scrolls

Religious Studies KS2: The Torah - BBC Teach

BBC Two - Pathways of Belief, The Bible: The Old Testament, Stories of the Old Testament

Activity – pick one of your favourite Old Testament stories and draw or paint a picture that explains this story.

Thursday - Science

Science –Remember to keep looking back at your mummified fish. Can you keep a little diary to show the changes that you notice?

What are organs and why do we need them? (thenational.academy)

We are learning about parts of the body linked in with our mummification work. Your task related to this, is to create a poster that could encourage someone to donate their organs to save another person’s life, or you could encourage someone to donate blood. You might want to research the donation of blood to help others and create a poster about this instead. It is up to you! Home - NHS Blood Donation

Friday – Art and D.T.

Design Technology- make a 3D pyramid from a net using paper or cardboard. Colour it in and mark the stones. Or you can build your own miniature pyramid using Lego or other blocks. Just like the pyramid workers, make sure your angles and lines are straight!

Art – Using the net for the sarcophagus (see Sarcophagus template PDF link) colour in and design a sarcophagus fir for a king. Or you can copy the designs of Tutankhamun’s. 

 

Year 6

Self-isolating activities for week beginning

Monday 11th January 2021

Hello Year 6 and parents,

As always, just do your best with home learning. If you or your child are unwell, we would not expect you to do the activities as your well-being is more important. Each family circumstance will be different, so just do what you can.

Should you and your family be self-isolating, you can phone Mrs Knight at the office to arrange a phone call from your classroom teacher should you want to discuss any of the information below.

Maths

You will now see on the maths planning grid a column with a link to the answers for the activity sheets. Try the activities first before checking the answers, but if you are stuck on a question then look at the answers to try to understand it better. You will have noticed that although there are only a few questions, they do get more challenging as they build on your knowledge and understanding. As we have always said, just do what you can, even if it’s only 3 questions. It’s better to try to understand the first 2 or 3 questions really well, than not do the activity sheet at all.

Extension maths

You will now see an appendix for each day for an extension activity. You need to scroll to the end of this planning document to find these resources. Anyone can have a go at these tasks once they have completed the main activity sheet. It’s only there if you want to do more!

Please follow this link to watch the video for each day’s learning

https://whiterosemaths.com/homelearning

Choose your child’s year group and click on current week for teaching video. Watch the video first before attempting the activity please. If you do not have a printer and the activity is a worksheet then children can just write their answers in their book or on paper.

 

 

Day of the week

Topic

Link to activity

Answers

Monday

L.O. To be able to divide by 10, 100, 1000

Spr6.1.5 - Divide by 10 100 and 1000 on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO3-Divide-by-10-100-and-1000-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity see appendix 1

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS3-Divide-by-10-100-and-1000-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Tuesday

L.O. To be able to multiply decimals

Spr6.2.1 - Multiply decimals by integers on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO4-Multiply-decimals-by-integers-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

Extension activity see appendix 2

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS4-Multiply-decimals-by-integers-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Wednesday

L.O. To be able to divide decimals

Spr6.2.2 - Divide decimals by integers on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO5-Divide-decimals-by-integers-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Extension activity see appendix 3

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS5-Divide-decimals-by-integers-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Thursday

L.O. To be able to use division to solve problems

https://vimeo.com/490691954

https://resources.whiterosemaths.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO6-Division-to-solve-problems-2019.pdf

Extension activity see appendix 4

 

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS6-Division-to-solve-problems-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Friday

L.O. To understand decimals as fractions

Spr6.2.4 - Decimals as fractions on Vimeo

Y6-Spring-Block-1-WO7-Decimals-as-fractions-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

Extension activity see appendix 5

Y6-Spring-Block-1-ANS7-Decimals-as-fractions-2019.pdf (whiterosemaths.com)

 

There also many other online activities around the unit of decimals, and multiplying and dividing by 10, 100 and 1000. If you want another activity you can try any of the Oak National Academy online lessons on this unit for maths. Again, this is just another idea for learning about decimals.

Decimals - Oak National Academy (thenational.academy)

BBC 

Lots of great activities around learning decimals

Thousandths as decimals - Year 5 - P6 - Maths - Catch Up Lessons - Home Learning with BBC Bitesize - BBC Bitesize

Compare and order decimals - Year 5 - P6 - Maths - Catch Up Lessons - Home Learning with BBC Bitesize - BBC Bitesize

Writing decimals - Year 6 - P7 - Maths - Catch Up Lessons - Home Learning with BBC Bitesize - BBC Bitesize

Decimals as fractions - Year 6 - P7 - Maths - Catch Up Lessons - Home Learning with BBC Bitesize - BBC Bitesize

English 

Day of the week

Topic

Activity

Monday

L.O. To create a plan for an Egyptian myth drawing on my knowledge of similar texts

 

Writing a myth - Year 5 - P6 - English - Catch Up Lessons - Home Learning with BBC Bitesize - BBC Bitesize

Watch the bitesize clip. It has three activities. We would like you to complete these activities over Monday and Tuesday. You need to ensure that your myth is an Egyptian one with settings including a tomb or a Pyramid.  You may need to use some of the characters from last week’s myth or make up some of your own.

Tuesday

L.O. To be able to write introduction to an Egyptian myth using my own plan and then to proof read it.

 

 

Continue with Monday’s activity but ensure that you proofread your work. You can continue writing if you want to, but the focus is to really end up with a clear plan and an excellent introduction which includes fabulous adjectives, adverbs and really sets the scene.

Wednesday

L.O. To understand the features of instructional texts and explain their function in engaging and supporting the reader

 

 

In history this week the pupils will be learning about Egyptian mummification. Egyptian Mummification Process - YouTube

The English lessons over the next few days will be based on writing instructions for this mummification process. In class we would have gone through the process of mummifying a fish! The instructions for this are attached below, at the end of this document.  We understand that at home you may not be able to get a fish to do this. So you can still read the instructions and write a set of instructions but then prepare the mummification on a toy or teddy bear! (Don’t pull the insides out of your favourite toy but you can wrap your toy as the Egyptians would have done with cotton sheet sheets or toilet rolls!)

 

Read together with the pupils the description of how the Ancient Egyptians mummified bodies and ask them to identify key features of instructions. Pupils should then read a range of other instructions (Egyptian linked if possible, other versions of instructions for mummification are easy to find online) and compare, again highlighting key features.

Look at the instructions examples at the end of this document on mummification.

Thursday

L.O. To be able to plan instructional writing.

 

 

L.O. To be able to read and follow instructions

Re-read the instructions for how to mummify a body and work with the pupils to create a toolkit.

 

  • Statement of achievement/goal/outcome
  • What you will need or ingredients (this may not always be present)
  • Step by step instructions in chronological order either numbered or with
  • Time connectives used as openers
  • Imperative or ‘bossy’ voice

 

Make a tool kit and plan on A3 their instructions for the mummification of a body or a fish if you want to try this at home! Use the internet for research (remember to type in Egyptian mummification for kids/children) https://www.natgeokids.com/uk/discover/history/egypt/how-to-make-a-mummy/

http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/egypt/mummies.htm

https://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egyptian_mummies.php

 

You can copy any pictures you might need to add to your instructions. You can draw all your own diagrams too! Think about the different stages and how to order the instructions.

 

Friday

L.O. To be able to write instructions for the mummification

 

Pupils should then work on individual copies of the instruction to mummify a fish or the Egyptian mummification process.

You can have writing boxes, arrows, stick together with the photographs if you took any, and draw diagrams. Make your instructions clear and detailed following the toolkits studied in the previous lessons.

 

 

SPAG – To explore fronted adverbials. In this lesson, we will be learning about fronted adverbials of time, place and manner. We will also practice writing some sentences with fronted adverbials. https://teachers.thenational.academy/lessons/to-explore-fronted-adverbials-71h64t

Spellings – Homophones. Can you make a list of anymore?

  1. break/brake
  2. grate/great
  3. eight/ate
  4. weight/wait
  5. son/sun
  6. heard/herd
  7. through/threw
  8. peace/piece
  9. aloud/allowed
  10. seen/scene
  11. led/lead
  12. who’s/whose
  13. main/mane
  14. here/hear
  15. advice/advise
  16. practise/practice ………..’Practice' and 'ice' are both nouns (a person, place, or thing) Therefore, 'practise' is a verb (an action or doing word). For example, 'I will practise my spelling'.
  17. Morning/ mourning
  18. Profit/prophet
  19. Guessed/guest
  20. Altar/alter
  21. Father/farther
  22. Stationary/stationery
  23. Desert/dessert
  24. Proceed/precede
 

Science – Actually try to undertake the task of mummifying a fish! Make notes and take pictures to use when writing your own set of instructions. Can you identify any of the internal organs?

https://www.playdoughtoplato.com/making-a-mummy-fish/

Fish mummification - YouTube

If you can’t get hold of a fish, then try to go online and identify the internal parts of the fish. Draw a diagram of the fish and label the internal organs.

RE –   L.O. To be able to look at references in the Bible and understand the main parts of the Bible.

Ideally access to a Bible is needed for this lesson but you can look online for many Bible references too.

The Bible includes poetry, legal documents, songs, letters, eyewitness accounts, biography, historical documents and advice literature. These may be categorised into five different types of books written in different genres.

Historical books: these books give an account of special events in the life of the Jewish people. They are not history as we know today, but a record of God leading his people through episodes and characters e.g. 2 Samuel 2, David is made king of Judah.

Poems and hymns: these could be a prayer as a thanksgiving or in praise of God. They were used at daily services in the Temple and synagogue, and today by Jewish people and Christians in their worship e.g. Psalm 117 Praise the Lord all you nations.

Wise sayings: these are short and easy-to-remember sayings, used by people in their everyday lives e.g. Proverbs 6: 6-11 Learn from the ant.

Good News: the Gospels. They are not a biography of Jesus, but record the memories about Jesus and of those whose lives were changed through contact with him e.g. Matthew

18: 1-5. Jesus welcomes children.

Letters: (to be discussed in detail in Learning Focus 5.) This is an exercise to help children handle their Bibles more easily. Ask the children to open their Bibles at the half-way mark and notice which book they have arrived at. It is likely to be around Sirach or Wisdom. It will certainly be in the Old Testament. Whilst keeping their Bibles open at the half way point, ask them to open the half to the left, that is the first quarter, which could be around Kings. Then do the same on the right hand half that could be Mark or John. Ask them to find the start of the Gospels and notice how much of the Bible is the New Testament.

Looking up Biblical text takes a little practice. Like using a dictionary, it helps to know where to begin to look. When you want to read a particular text in the Bible, you would use a reference for example 1 Kings 10: 23-25. Ask them which part of the Bible they are likely to find it in.

1 Kings that is the first book of Kings

10 is the number of the chapter in that book

23-25 refers to the verses in that chapter. These are the small numbers used to divide up the chapter.

SOME SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

  • Look up the following references:

Is 44: 2, Ps 24: 13-14, Lk 22: 54-57, Ps 5: 1-3, Mt 21: 1-5, Ps 150: 1-6

Make a note of which book of the Bible it comes from, what genre of writing it is and a note of the main content of the passage.

  • Here is a list of passages from the Old and New Testaments. Using any version of the Bible, find the following readings and put them in the order you find them in your Bible. Write down the Bible you have used and the page you found the passages on.

John 3:1-6

Galatians 3:26-28

Deuteronomy 5:1-3

Song of Songs 2:8-10

Matthew 28:18-20

Psalm 23

1 Corinthians 12:31

Matthew 22:34-40

Mark 1:9-11

Ecclesiastes 26:1-4

1 Corinthians 12:12-13

In the first pages of most Bibles, there are the names of the books of the Old and New Testaments and the abbreviations of those names and the pages where they can be found: e.g. Genesis – Gen, Jeremiah – Jer, Timothy – Tim.

Note the difference between ‘apostle’ (those sent out) and ‘disciples’ (followers).

History – L.O. To understand the Egyptian process of mummification their beliefs in the afterlife.    Egyptian Mummification Process - YouTube

Geography- Locate Egypt on a world map. What are the main features of this country? Write a few facts about Egypt. How big is it, what is its population, what is the terrain like, what is the climate like etc.…

ICT – This week use the computers to gather lots of information about Ancient Egypt. Maybe focus on Gods and Goddesses? You can store all this information into a folder or create a booklet in publishers or start your own PowerPoint. Make this an ongoing project during the next few weeks.

PE Go outside for a long walk. Get wrapped up and try and do it in the middle of the day when the sun is at its highest. If you live near the sea go and throw stones into the waves. Look up at the sky and try and see what shapes the clouds make. If you walk in a park or near the canal see if you can spot some signs of spring. Fill your lungs with fresh air and run, jump and leap!

French (KS2 only) - Saying what people have (Part 2/2) (thenational.academy)

Design Technology- Using a tube container such as a Pringles tube, make your own Canopic jar. If you search canopic jars online, you’ll get lots of great ideas for your own papier Mache jars!

How To Make Canopic Jars - Ancient Egypt Craft for Kids (imagininghistory.co.uk)

Art - Draw some detailed drawing of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses you may have chosen to research in your ICT. Remember to use brightly coloured pens as they would have used bright colours in their temples.

Music Can you find out anything about the instruments that Egyptians liked playing and what they were made of. When you think of Egyptian music what do you think of? Can you find out why people always do that funny Egyptian dance with their body low and their hands pointing in different directions?

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ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO HELP YOU. SEE BELOW.

Mummification Instructions

Egyptian Mummification Process - YouTube

The first ancient Egyptians buried their dead in shallow graves in the desert where the heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, causing a natural mummification of the bodies. In later years, the ancient Egyptian began to bury their dead in coffins. This protected them from being scavenged by wild animals but caused the body to decay. During the hundreds of years that follows the ancient Egyptians developed the process, we now know as mummification that involved embalming the bodies and wrapping them in strips of linen cloth to preserve them.How to mummify a body

First, the body is taken to a tent known as 'ibu' or the 'place of purification'. Here the body is washed with sweet smelling wine and water from the Nile and a process called embalming begins. The embalmers remove the internal organs by cutting down the left side of the body. It is important to remove these because they are the first part of the body to decompose. The liver, lungs, stomach and intestines are washed and covered with a substance called natron, which will dry them out. Natron is a salt like mineral that occurs naturally on the banks of lakes in the Egyptian dessert. The heart is left in the body because the ancient Egyptians believed it was the centre of intelligence and feeling and it will be needed in the afterlife. They did not think the brain was important so a long hook was used to smash the brain and pull it out through the nose. The body is now covered and stuffed with natron that will dry it out too. After forty days, the body is washed again with water from the Nile. Then it is covered with oils to help the skin stay supple. The dried organs were originally placed in stone canopic jars, each one decorated with the head of the god that would look after it. As time went on burial practices changed and the organs began to be wrapped in linen and returned to the body. However, canopic jars were still buried with the body for symbolic purposes. Finally, the body is covered again with scented oils. It is now ready to be wrapped in linen.

Initially the head and neck are wrapped with strips of fine linen. Then the fingers and the toes are wrapped individually as are the limbs, which are then tied together. Between each layer of wrapping, the embalmers place amulets to protect the body in its journey through the underworld. During this process, a priest reads spells from the Book of the Dead, which contained lots of spells to protect the body and see it safely to the afterlife. This book would be buried with the body and a scroll containing spells from this book would be placed between the hands of the mummy. More and more linen strips are wrapped around the body. After every layer, the bandages are painted with a special liquid that helps to glue the bandages together. A large cloth with a picture of the God Osiris is wrapped around the body. To conclude the mummification, a large cloth is wrapped around the entire mummy and tied with strips of linen. A painted wooden board is placed on top of the mummy and the mummy is placed in into the first of its two coffins.

Finally, the body and its coffins are placed inside a large stone encasement called a sarcophagus, which was inside the tomb. Furniture, clothing, valuable objects, food and drink were placed in the tomb to ease the body’s journey to the afterlife. Now the body is ready for its final journey.

Instructions for mummifying a fish

You will need:

  • Whole mackerel or sardines (with heads and guts intact)
  • Salt and/or bicarbonate of soda
  • Plastic Tupperware containers or empty ice cream tubs (big enough to hold the fish)
  • Sharp knives
  • Black bin liners to use as aprons
  • Dried or fresh herbs (rosemary is good as it is strong smelling!)
  • Strips of cotton or muslin cloth (an old pillow case works well)                                             
  1. Begin by washing the fish under cold water and using a blunt (table knife) to scrape off any scales as these can prevent mummification.
  2. Use a sharp knife to slice the fish open to remove its guts. Do not slice all the way through the fish.

Discard the guts. (In theory, these could be preserved separately and stored in canopic jars but this is an extremely smelly process and not recommended!)

  1. Next, wash the gutted fish and dry with paper towels.
  2. Natron can be recreated by mixing 2/3 bicarbonate of soda with 1/3 salt or just salt can be used. Stuff the cavity of the fish with salt or natron and place in ice cream container, with its cavity facing up.
  3. Cover with more salt or natron.
  4. Finally cover with cling film and place in a cool place.
  5. After 2 weeks, the fish can be removed from the box and the salt mix replaced. Although this is a smelly process, the fish itself should not smell, just the salt.

After another 1-2 weeks, mummification should be complete and the fish can be removed and wrapped. Place the herbs inside the cavity of the fish and wrap in strips of cotton. Your mummified fish is now ready for burial.

Good Websites

Ancient Egypt for Kids - Creation Stories - Ancient Egypt for Kids (mrdonn.org)

2_egyptian_full (mythicjourneys.org)

Ancient Egypt - KS2 History - BBC Bitesize

BBC Two - Ancient Egypt - Life and Death in the Valley of the Kings, Learning Zone, The afterlife in Ancient Egypt

KS2 History - BBC Teach

Ancient Egypt for Kids (primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk)

Ancient Egypt for Kids - What ancient Egyptians needed to do to reach their afterlife or the Magical Land of Two Fields - Ancient Egypt for Kids (mrdonn.org)

 

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